e…n¯úwZevi, 18 †m‡Þ¤^i 2014

`w¶Y-cwðgv‡ji AvÛviIqvì© : †hfv‡e DÌvb †mfv‡eB cZb : 40 eQ‡i wSbvB`‡n †`o mnmªvwaK Lyb

†fv‡ii KvMR : 12/02/2013

Avãyi ingvb wgëb, wSbvB`n †_‡K : ¯^vaxbZv-cieZ©x 40 eQ‡i wSbvB`‡ni BwZnv‡m Pigcš’x †bZv, K¨vWvi I mš¿vmx‡`i Rxe‡bi †kl cwiYwZ n‡q‡Q A¯^vfvweK g„Zy¨, Kv‡iv G ch©šÍ ¯^vfvweK g„Zz¨ nqwb| G‡`i Rxe‡bi KiæY cwiYwZ nq †LRy‡ii cvwU ev PvUvB‡q Rwo‡q jvk n‡q evwo †div| A‡b‡KiB `vdb-Kvdb ch©šÍ nq bv| cÖwZc‡¶i nv‡ZB †ewk Lyb nq Giv| G ch©šÍ wSbvB`‡n cÖwZc¶ I `jxq †Kv›`‡j †`o mnmªvwaK Pigcš’x Lyb n‡q‡Q| MZ K‡qK eQi a‡i cywjk I i¨v‡ei m‡½ e›`yKhy‡×I Pigcš’x mš¿vmxiv wbnZ n‡”Q| `xN© 40 eQ‡i Pigcš’x `j¸‡jvi kxl© †bZv K¨vWvi‡`i w`bwjwc ch©v‡jvPbvq †`Lv hvq, AcNv‡Z g„Zz¨ Zv‡`i me©¶Y wcQy Zvov K‡i| ïay wSbvB`n bq Kzwóqv, PzqvWv½vmn `w¶Y-cwð‡gi Lyjbv wefv‡Mi 10 †Rjvi me Pigcš’xiB cwiYwZ GKB ai‡bi|

wewfbœ m~‡Î Rvbv hvq, weMZ 40 eQ‡i wSbvB`n †Rjvq A‡bK evNv evNv Pigcš’x K¨vWv‡ii DÌvb N‡U‡Q| cÖwZc¶ Pigcš’xi nv‡Z, wbR `jxq K¨vWvi‡`i wek¦vmNvZKZvq I cywj‡ki ¸wj‡Z jvk n‡q †LRy‡ii cvwU, PvUvB ev cwjw_‡b †cuwP‡q evwo wdi‡Q Zviv| ¯^vaxbZvi Av‡M †_‡KB G †Rjvi KvjxMÄ Dc‡Rjvq ivRbxwZi bv‡g gvbyl nZ¨v ïiæ nq| Avi GB nZ¨vi ivRbxwZi cÖ_g wkKvi nb KvjxM‡Äi Puv` Avjx †Pqvig¨vb|

†`k ¯^vaxb nIqvi ci wSbvB`‡n G‡Ki ci GK †Mvcb Pigcš’x `‡ji Avwef©ve NU‡Z _v‡K| Pj‡Z _v‡K gvbyl nZ¨vi

cÖwZ‡hvwMZv| 1972 mv‡j cÖ_g Avwef©ve N‡U †Mvcb ivR‰bwZK `j c~e© cvwK¯Ívb KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i (GgGj)| G `jwU gvIev`x I †kªYxkÎæ LZ‡gi Av`‡k© wek¦vmx wQj| wSbvB`n m`i, ˆkjK~cv, KvjxMÄ, †KvUPuv`cyi I nwiYvKzÐy Dc‡Rjvq G‡`i e¨vcK AvwacZ¨ wQj| Giv wewfbœ mgq cywj‡ki KvQ †_‡K A¯¿ wQbZvB K‡i Zv‡`i m‡½ m¤§yLhy‡× wjß n‡Zv| miKvwi Lv`¨ ¸`vg †_‡K Pvj, Mg jyU K‡i mvaviY gvby‡li g‡a¨ wewj‡q w`‡q RbmvaviY‡K Zv‡`i c‡¶ ivLvi †Póv Ki‡Zv| hvi d‡j Aíw`‡bi g‡a¨ Zviv e¨vcK AvwacZ¨ we¯Ívi Ki‡Z m¶g nq| fvi‡Zi cwðge‡½i cÖqvZ bKkvj †bZv Pviæ gRyg`v‡ii Abymvix nIqvq G `jwU ÔbKkvj `jÕ bv‡g G †Rjvq cwiwPwZ cvq|

1973 mv‡j Rvm` Zv‡`i AvÛviMÖvDÛ †mj MYevwnbx MVb K‡i| MYevwnbxi `vcU wQj gv¸iv I PzqvWv½v †Rjv Ges wSbvB`n †Rjvi nwiYvKzÐy, ˆkjK~cv Dc‡Rjv I wSbvB`n m`‡ii nwikcyi, †cvovnvwU I nwjavwb BDwbq‡b| 1974 mv‡j MYevwnbx nwiYvKzÐy _vbv jyU K‡i| Õ75 mv‡j jyU K‡i ˆkjK~cv Dc‡Rjvi jv½jeuva cywjk duvwo| Gici †_‡K Giv Gme GjvKvq e¨vcK kw³kvjx n‡q I‡V|

1975 mv‡j †`‡ki ivR‰bwZK cUcwieZ©‡bi ci c~e©-cvwK¯Ívb KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (GgGj) bvg cwieZ©b K‡i Ôevsjv‡`‡ki wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©Õ iv‡L| Giv msMV‡bi we¯Í……wZ NUv‡Z _v‡K MYevwnbxi `Ljxq GjvKvq| ZLb †_‡KB ïiæ nq `‡j `‡j Lyb Avi cvëv Ly‡bi cÖwZ‡hvwMZv| GK`j Ab¨`j‡K Avq‡Ë †c‡jB Zv‡`i †bZv ev K¨vWvi‡`i nZ¨v Ki‡Z _v‡K| †hb mv‡c †bD‡j m¤úK©| cvkvcvwk wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU© †kªYxkÎæ AvL¨v w`‡q MÖv‡gi †RvZ`vi I cywj‡ki †mvm©‡K nZ¨v Ki‡Z _v‡K|

1975 mvj †_‡K Õ81 mv‡ji g‡a¨ MYevwnbx I wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i cÖvq 500 †bZv ev K¨vWvi Lyb nq| Õ80-Gi `k‡Ki ïiæ‡Z `ye©vi MwZ‡Z ewikvj, dwi`cyi I gv¸iv n‡q me©nviv cvwU© GwM‡q Av‡m wSbvB`‡ni w`‡K| ïiæ n‡q hvq MYevwnbx I wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i m‡½ GjvKv `L‡ji hy×| Aí w`‡bi g‡a¨B me©nviv cvwU© AvwacZ¨ we¯Ívi Ki‡Z mÿg nq| wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU© I MYevwnbxi AmsL¨ †bZv I K¨vWvi Lyb nq G‡`i nv‡Z| 1987 mv‡j wSbvB`n m`‡ii Kskx gv‡V me©nviv cvwU©i m‡½ MYevwnbxi e›`yKhy‡× 7 MYevwnbx K¨vWvi wbnZ nq hv IB GjvKvq †m‡fb gvW©vi wn‡m‡e cwiwPwZ cvq| ewikvj †_‡K Avmv `j‡bZv ivwRe‡K BUfvUvq cywo‡q nZ¨v K‡i A¯¿ fvÐvi `Lj K‡i †bq ZviB `jxq K¨vWviiv| c‡i GB `‡ji Ici wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU© AvNvZ nv‡b Ges Zv‡`i AvwacZ¨ Le© K‡i cÖvq wbwðý K‡i †`q| eZ©gv‡b G †Rjvq me©nviv cvwU©i †Kv‡bv Aw¯ÍZ¡ †bB|

Õ90-Gi `k‡Ki ïiæ‡Z c~e©evsjv KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i Avwef©ve N‡U| nwiYvKzÐyi wUcy `‡ji gyKzUnxb mgªvU nq| GB `‡ji `vc‡U ev‡N-QvM‡j GKNv‡U cvwb Lvq| wUcy m½x wn‡m‡e cvq Pigcš’x BQv‡K| cywj‡ki m‡½ e›`yKhy‡× wbnZ nq BQv| `jxq K¨vWviiv wek¦vmNvZKZv K‡i wUcy I Zvi 3 m½x‡K PzqvWv½vi AvjgWv½vi GK we‡ji gv‡S RxešÍ Kei †`q| †kl nq wUcy Aa¨vq| `vcU †e‡o hvq wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i| mgªvR¨ `Lj K‡i ˆkjK~cvi knx`yj Bmjvg jvj, hvi K_vB wQj AvBb| †m G †Rjvi †bc‡_¨ wbqš¿Y Ki‡Z _v‡K| XvKv †_‡K †K›`ªxq KwgwUi wgwUs †k‡l wSbvB`‡n †divi c‡_ wewmK wkí bMixi cv‡k gvB‡µv †_‡K bvwg‡q Zv‡K nZ¨v Kiv nq| knx`yj Bmjvg jvj nZ¨vi cieZ©x NUbvq iveŸyj Rvnv½ximn Av‡iv 7/8 Rb‡K nZ¨v Kiv nq| †kl nq knx` jvj Aa¨vq|

1997 mv‡ji w`‡K wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i kxl© ZvwË¡K †bZv wSbvB`‡ni gxi Bwjqvm †nv‡mb w`wj‡ci †bZ…‡Z¡ MVb Kiv nq kªgRxex gyw³ Av‡›`vjb| `‡ji mvgwiK kvLvi bvg †`qv nq MYgyw³ †dŠR| wecøex KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i †ewkifvM †bZv K¨vWvi MYgyw³‡dŠ‡R †hvM †`q| Zviv AvNvZ nvb‡Z _v‡K wecøex I c~e©evsjv KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i Ici| GB AvÛvi MÖvDÛ hy‡× Dfq `‡ji cÖvq 200 †bZvKg©x Lyb nq|

1999 mv‡j ZrKvjxb AvIqvgx jxM miKv‡ii mvaviY ¶gvi my‡hv‡M AvZ¥mgc©Y ïiæ nq| IB mgq MYgyw³ †dŠR MYevwnbxi K¨vWviiv fvOvPziv A¯¿ Rgv w`‡q AvZ¥mgc©Y K‡i| Aek¨ G mgq wecøex I c~e©evsjv KwgDwb÷ cvwU© AvZ¥mgc©‡Y mvov †`qwb| ¸wj‡Z wbnZ nq gxi Bwjqvm †nv‡mb w`wjc|

2000 mv‡ji w`‡K c~e©evsjvi KwgDwb÷ cvwU© Zrci n‡q I‡V G †Rjvq| m¤cÖwZ `jwU †f‡O c~e© evsjvi KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (GgGj), (GgGj jvj cZvKv), (GgGj Rbhy×) I (GgGj †hv×v) GB 4 fv‡M wef³ n‡q‡Q| mvgwiK kw³ Ges nZ¨vi w`K †_‡K Ave`yi iwk` gvwj_v Ii‡d `v`v Zc‡bi †bZ…Z¡vaxb c~e©evsjv KwgDwb÷ cvwU© (GgGj Rbhy×) ZLb kx‡l© wQj| Zviv gvbyl Ly‡bi ci cÎcwÎKvq d¨v‡·i gva¨‡g `vwqZ¡ ¯^xKvi K‡i †bq| GgbwK gvivi Av‡M †NvlYv w`‡qI gvbyl Lyb Kiv n‡Zv| `w¶Y-cwðgv‡ji fqven Pigcš’x msMVb ÔRbhy×Õ bv‡gi GB `jwUi cÖavb wSbvB`‡ni `v`v Zcb Ii‡d Avãyi iwk` gvwj_v I Zvi fvB AvKvk MZ eQi Kzwóqvq i¨v‡ei m‡½ e›`yKhy‡× wbnZ nIqvi ci †_‡g †M‡Q †mB Ly‡bi fqvenZv| Ae¨vnZ Awfhv‡b `jwU GLb wech©‡qi gy‡L|

GKw`j evwnbx cÖavb GKw`j Kzwóqvq µmdvqv‡i wbnZ nq| c~e© evsjv KwgDwb÷ cvwU©i (jvj cZvKv) †bZv †KvU© Puv`cy‡ii UzUzj Wv³viI wbnZ n‡q‡Q e›`yKhy‡×| †g‡nicy‡ii Mvsbx GjvKvq Pigcš’x †bZv iwb wek¦vm ¸wjwe× n‡q gviv †M‡Q| G ch©šÍ `w¶Y-cwðgv‡ji †Rjv¸‡jv‡Z Pigcš’x `j¸‡jvi cÖvq 400 †bZv-K¨vWvi µmdvqv‡i wbnZ n‡q‡Q| GQvov MZ 9 eQ‡i Lyb n‡q‡Q wewfbœ Pigcš’x `‡ji cÖvq 400 K¨vWvi I †bZv| Z‡e Pigcš’x‡`i A¯¿ fvÐv‡ii fv‡jv fv‡jv A¯¿¸‡jv GL‡bv i‡q †M‡Q|

MZ 40 eQ‡i wSbvB`nmn `w¶Y-cwðgv‡ji AvÛvi Iqv‡ì© i‡³i gva¨‡g hv‡`i DÌvb N‡U‡Q i‡³i gva¨‡gB Zv‡`i cZb n‡Z †`Lv †M‡Q| †Mvcb `‡ji nv‡Z `w¶Y-cwð‡gi †Rjv¸‡jv‡Z h‡Zv †jvK Lyb n‡q‡Q Zv‡`i †ewkifvMB cÖZ¨¶ ev c‡iv¶fv‡e Pigcš’x `‡ji m‡½ RwoZ wQj| Ly‡bi ci cywjk Z`‡šÍ †b‡g Rvb‡Z cv‡i †h, †m Pigcš’x `‡ji m‡½ †Kv‡bv bv †Kv‡bvfv‡e m¤ú„³| Z‡e G‡`i we‡ivwaZv Kivq ev cywj‡ki †mvm© wn‡m‡e KvR Kivi Rb¨I A‡b‡K Lyb nq|

`xN©w`b a‡i AvÛvi MÖvDÛ ivRbxwZ ch©‡e¶‡Y †`Lv †M‡Q, †h h‡Zv †ewk gvbyl Ly‡b cvi`k©x Zvi bvg-WvK Z‡Zv Qwo‡q c‡o| †jv‡K AvZw¼Z nq| A‡b‡K w`bgRyi †_‡K kxl© K¨vWv‡i Avmxb nq| cÖZvckvjx K¨vWviI GKw`b Lyb n‡q hvq| Pigcš’x K¨vWvi Lyb n‡j gvbyl `ytL K‡i bv| A‡b‡Ki jvk †eIqvwik wn‡m‡e `vdb nq|

eZ©gvb AvÛviMÖvDÛ ivRbxwZ‡Z bxwZ-Av`‡k©i †Kv‡bv evjvB †bB| A¯¿ hvi ¶gZv Zvi| Lyb Avi i‡³i gva¨‡g hv‡`i DÌvb-`vcU, i‡³i gva¨‡gB Zv‡`i Rxe‡bi †kl cwiYwZ N‡U|

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